psychology-is-defined-as-the-discipline-concerned-23

Asked by [][][][] on Thu, 11/08/2018 - 19:40

Critical
thinking requires:

a. creativity for creating alternative
explanations.

b. treating all theories as equally valid.

c. low tolerance for uncertainty.

d. emotional reasoning.

 

12. Critical
thinking gives importance to:

a. emotional reasoning.

b. commonsense statements.

c. looking for flaws in claims and arguments.

d. accepting all opinions as having equal
merit.

 

13. Which
of the following is one of the critical-thinking guidelines described in the
textbook?

a. don’t overthink; go with your gut reaction

b. define your terms

c. accept all opinions as equally valid

d. simplify as much as possible

 

14. Which
of the following is one of the eight essential critical-thinking guidelines?

a. accept generalizations

b. express intolerance for uncertainty

c. examine the evidence

d. practice emotional reasoning

 

 

15. Critical
thinkers try to:

a. use anecdotes to support their arguments.

b. base their arguments on emotional
convictions.

c. identify unspoken assumptions.

d. avoid uncertainty at all costs.

 

 

16. Beliefs
that are taken for granted are called:

a. assumptions.

b. traits.

c. reinforcers.

d. archetypes.

.

 

17. Critical thinkers analyze their assumptions
and those of others. Which of the following statements best demonstrates this
skill?

a.
“My boss won’t let me work from home, but her decision is based on the belief
that employees are more productive at the office.”

b. “I think my girlfriend is cheating on me,
but I’m too angry right now to think logically.”

c. “It’s OK to admit that I don’t know the
answer when my son asks me a question.”

d. “There’s probably no single reason why
people commit crimes.”

 

18. “I
really want to believe that my vague recollection of an incident that occurred
at Disneyland as a preschooler is
true, but that doesn’t mean that it is true.” Which of the following critical
thinking guidelines does this example
illustrate?

a. examine the evidence

b. define your terms

c. don’t oversimplify

d. avoid emotional reasoning

 

19. Which
of the following would be an example of “argument by anecdote”?

a. “My gut feeling is that it isn’t the right
time to get married.”

b. “I know that marriage doesn’t work out,
because both of my uncles ended up divorced and alone.”

c. “That is my opinion and nothing is going to
change my mind.”

d. “What evidence is there to support your
claim?”

 

20. Critical
thinkers should approach psychology textbooks as:

a. being almost entirely correct.

b. an opportunity to generate alternative
explanations.

c. being almost entirely incorrect.

d. a way to reduce uncertainties.

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